- Subject index
It is important for every student of psychology, wherever they might be in the world, to understand the classic scholars, the classic studies, and the subsequent generations of people and ideas that have come to define the broad discipline that is ‘psychology’. This book achieves this in the most accessible and engaging manner possible. Rom Harré presents a unique textbook orientation, combining the biopic with the significance of the major protagonists of the last century, organized by @#x2018;schools of thought’, yet with cross-references throughout the text.
Chapter 8: The Social Psychologists
The Social Psychologists
The social psychology of the 20th century developed from several sources. One was surely Norman Triplett's studies of social facilitation, the effect of onlookers and pacemakers on individual performances (Triplett, 1898). William McDougall's (pp. 191–194) concept of the so-called ‘group mind’, the crystallized history of a culture, forming the background to how people interact with one another, was influential in the beginning of the era, though abandoned by a later generation of social psychologists. However, something like it was revived late in the century with the rise of cultural psychology and associated developments (Shweder, 1993) in which the idea of bodies of knowledge of social conventions and meanings was revived. Whatever our historical judgements, there is no doubt that by ...