- Subject index
It is important for every student of psychology, wherever they might be in the world, to understand the classic scholars, the classic studies, and the subsequent generations of people and ideas that have come to define the broad discipline that is ‘psychology’. This book achieves this in the most accessible and engaging manner possible. Rom Harré presents a unique textbook orientation, combining the biopic with the significance of the major protagonists of the last century, organized by @#x2018;schools of thought’, yet with cross-references throughout the text.
Chapter 4: The Computationalists
The advent of cognitive psychology in the mid 20th century opened up the question of the best models with which to represent the cognitive processes that were presumed to underlie overt cognitive performances. It was all very well to have fashioned a representation of a body of knowledge, but how was it implemented in action? A model of something is a representation based on an analogy between the model and its subject. Scientific models are often used to represent mechanisms and processes that are at the time unobservable. Trying to extend our powers of observation to test the verisimilitude or truth-like qualities of our models is one of the most important and fruitful ways that the natural sciences grow. Scientific models are ...