- Subject index
It is important for every student of psychology, wherever they might be in the world, to understand the classic scholars, the classic studies, and the subsequent generations of people and ideas that have come to define the broad discipline that is ‘psychology’. This book achieves this in the most accessible and engaging manner possible. Rom Harré presents a unique textbook orientation, combining the biopic with the significance of the major protagonists of the last century, organized by @#x2018;schools of thought’, yet with cross-references throughout the text.
Chapter 3: The Cognitivists
Psychology is the study of thinking, feeling, acting and perceiving. The main focus of cognitive psychology during the 20th century was on the study of the mental processes of thinking, including reasoning, deciding, planning, calculating and remembering, independently of their likely grounding in the brain. Nevertheless, most cognitive psychologists bore in mind the key principle that the ultimate grounding of cognition must lie, somehow, in the way the brain and nervous system worked. Towards the latter half of the century the role of cognition in emotions, in perception and in social action began to gain attention.
Cognitive psychology is based on the principle that human beings acquire bodies of knowledge which are implemented in managing various tasks. This stands in sharp contrast with ...