- Subject index
It is important for every student of psychology, wherever they might be in the world, to understand the classic scholars, the classic studies, and the subsequent generations of people and ideas that have come to define the broad discipline that is ‘psychology’. This book achieves this in the most accessible and engaging manner possible. Rom Harré presents a unique textbook orientation, combining the biopic with the significance of the major protagonists of the last century, organized by @#x2018;schools of thought’, yet with cross-references throughout the text.
Chapter 2: The Developmentalists
Human beings are born in a state far from that which they will assume as adults. Babies can neither walk nor talk. Yet, after a decade or two each human being has developed a huge range of cognitive and practical skills, and for the most part has acquired a stable personality and character. What is more people are clearly differentiated into national and cultural types, through languages, cognitive and social styles, systems of belief and so on. Two major questions confront the developmentalist. How much of what a human being will become is already predetermined by virtue of inbuilt potentialities? How far and in what ways is the process of development dependent on the material and human environment of the growing child?