- Subject index
It is important for every student of psychology, wherever they might be in the world, to understand the classic scholars, the classic studies, and the subsequent generations of people and ideas that have come to define the broad discipline that is ‘psychology’. This book achieves this in the most accessible and engaging manner possible. Rom Harré presents a unique textbook orientation, combining the biopic with the significance of the major protagonists of the last century, organized by @#x2018;schools of thought’, yet with cross-references throughout the text.
Chapter 1: The Behaviourists
During the first half of the 20th century a radical shift appeared in the very conception of what a scientific psychology ought to encompass. From the time of the British empiricists of the 17th and 18th centuries to the German experimentalists of the 19th century, the legitimacy of people's reports of their subjective states was hardly ever questioned. However, in the 1920s the role of conscious states and processes as the prime sources of explanations of publicly observable behaviour was called into question. Not only were there doubts about the reliability of incorporating private experiences among the data of psychology, but, beginning with J. B. Watson (1919), the opinion began to spread that such data were redundant. Public behaviour could be explained ...