The SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding.
Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.
Key Concepts in Urban Studies:
Clearly and concisely explains the basic ideas in the interdisciplinary field of urban studies; Offers concise discussions of concepts ranging from community, neighbourhood, and the city to globalization, the New Urbanism, feminine space, and urban problems; Constitutes a re-examination of the key ideas in the field; Is illustrated throughout with international examples; Provides an essential reference guide for all students and teachers across the urban disciplines within sociology, political science, planning and geography.
The Chicago School
Urban Violence and Crime
When people speak of crime, they usually mean violent crime and occurrences of violence, especially random street crime, that are very troublesome in cities. From the 1960s through the early 1990s urban areas in the US were plagued by frequent acts of violence associated with robberies, street muggings and gang-related shootings. A significant amount of property crime also occurs in both cities and suburbs, but these acts are perceived to be less problematic than the [Page 180]violent variety which is also associated more with the downtown areas of large cities.
In 1990, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia and Detroit all had more than 500 murders, that is a rate considerably exceeding one a day. New York City, for example, had 2,245 murders, Los Angeles 983, Chicago 851 ...