The SAGE Key Concepts series provides students with accessible and authoritative knowledge of the essential topics in a variety of disciplines. Cross-referenced throughout, the format encourages critical evaluation through understanding.
Written by experienced and respected academics, the books are indispensable study aids and guides to comprehension.
Key Concepts in Urban Studies:
Clearly and concisely explains the basic ideas in the interdisciplinary field of urban studies; Offers concise discussions of concepts ranging from community, neighbourhood, and the city to globalization, the New Urbanism, feminine space, and urban problems; Constitutes a re-examination of the key ideas in the field; Is illustrated throughout with international examples; Provides an essential reference guide for all students and teachers across the urban disciplines within sociology, political science, planning and geography.
The Chicago School
Inequality and Poverty
Inequality and poverty are not the same. The former is a relative condition usually measured by comparative ratios, such as the Gini or, less commonly, the Theil-L coefficient. These relate high to low levels of income obtained by people living in the same city or region. To be sure, poverty may have its relative components, but it is an absolute condition manifested in inadequacies of various social indicators, such as poor health, poor sanitation, poor nutrition, poor pre-natal care and, equally as profound, limited to non-existent opportunities of bettering the existing situation in the future.
Inequality is typically urban. Friedrich Engels noted the contrast between the wealthy and the poor in the 1850s when he visited the industrial cities of England, and novel writers of the 19th Century, such as Charles ...