This book walks students through the selection and application of research methods within tourism. The authors introduce the relevant language and theory of key methodologies and then develop them using strategic literature review and the inclusion of international examples which relate directly to tourism. The historical and philosophical context of each method is then carefully laid out alongside the practical application of the technique. Each concept sets the historical and philosophical context of a method alongside the practical application of the technique.

Critical Theory

Critical theory

Definition Critical Theory is, at the same time, a function of social life and an autonomous theory. According to Kolakowski (1978) Critical Theory minimally meant:

  • An historical perspective on developments and contradictions in society but at the same time an independent position towards any doctrine, including Marxism.
  • The insaneness of society and the need for radical, emancipatory, change.
  • The analysis of existing society itself is part of that society and thereby requires self-reflection.


Our experience tells us that many students choose to study tourism because they want to make a difference in the world. Often an awakening occurs, or is confirmed, through the observation of the way in which tourism works in practice while on field study or on holiday, often in the ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles