Covering the key principles and concepts in the teaching and learning of mathematics in elementary schools, this text provides trainee and practicing teachers with a quick and easy reference to what they need to know for their course, and in the classroom. The entries are arranged alphabetically, and each contains a brief definition, followed by an explanation and discussion, practical examples, and annotated suggestions for further reading.

Mental Calculation

Mental calculation


Mental calculation in the primary school context is when a pupil manipulates the numbers involved in a calculation in their minds, using their knowledge of relationships between the numbers to operate upon them. This is instead of manipulating written symbols on a piece of paper or by using a ...

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