Covering the key principles and concepts in the teaching and learning of mathematics in elementary schools, this text provides trainee and practicing teachers with a quick and easy reference to what they need to know for their course, and in the classroom. The entries are arranged alphabetically, and each contains a brief definition, followed by an explanation and discussion, practical examples, and annotated suggestions for further reading.

Deductive and Inductive Reasoning

Deductive and inductive reasoning


There are two kinds of reasoning that feature prominently in doing mathematics. Inductive reasoning is the kind of thinking involved in recognizing patterns, similarities and equivalences, and using these to predict further results and to formulate generalizations. Deductive reasoning is the formulation of a valid, logical ...

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