Drug use is a major challenge for public services, healthcare professionals and policy-makers all over the world. This book offers a complete overview of the issues associated with substance misuse from an interdisciplinary perspective. It begins by providing a reference guide to the different psychoactive substances, looking at the biological and psychological impact of their use. Key issues in the effect drugs have on society are then addressed, before outlining methods of recovery and therapy. Chapters include: • Reflective questions to challenge readers’ assumptions • Case studies to help students understand the impact of substances on individuals • Links to further resources to expand readers’ knowledge It will be valuable reading for those studying on degrees in criminology, health, nursing, social work and counselling.
Chapter 23: Criminal Justice Interventions
Criminal Justice Interventions
This chapter will explore the development and ethics of coercive treatment in relation to drug and alcohol misuse focusing on the Drug Rehabilitation Requirement and the Alcohol Treatment Requirement. Comparisons will be made before offering some final thoughts in relation to effectiveness, proportionality and justice.
Historically, society has responded to those suffering with drug and alcohol problems in a variety of ways ranging in the nineteenth century from moral condemnation in the face of the spread of opium eating to sympathy for those suffering from the disease of addiction. Such sympathy would remain until the 1950s when the treatment of addiction was viewed as a concern for health rather than law enforcement agencies with the idea of compulsory treatment ...