Drug use is a major challenge for public services, healthcare professionals and policy-makers all over the world. This book offers a complete overview of the issues associated with substance misuse from an interdisciplinary perspective. It begins by providing a reference guide to the different psychoactive substances, looking at the biological and psychological impact of their use. Key issues in the effect drugs have on society are then addressed, before outlining methods of recovery and therapy. Chapters include: • Reflective questions to challenge readers’ assumptions • Case studies to help students understand the impact of substances on individuals • Links to further resources to expand readers’ knowledge It will be valuable reading for those studying on degrees in criminology, health, nursing, social work and counselling.

The Purposes and Methods of Detoxification from Alcohol

The Purposes and Methods of Detoxification from Alcohol
Pamela CampbellAnn Spooner

Alcohol detoxification is the process of abstention from drinking alcohol whilst taking medication to combat the withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms occur in people who have become dependent on alcohol by consuming significant quantities on a daily basis. The most severe withdrawal symptoms are seizures and delirium tremens (severe agitated confusion including hallucinations and delusions). Both of these conditions require urgent treatment in hospital and are associated with a high mortality rate. Estimates of mortality vary widely from 1–5% for seizures and 5–25% for delirium tremens. Prevention of these conditions is the main focus of medicated detoxification.

Detoxification from alcohol can occur on an acute basis or as part ...

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