Drug use is a major challenge for public services, healthcare professionals and policy-makers all over the world. This book offers a complete overview of the issues associated with substance misuse from an interdisciplinary perspective. It begins by providing a reference guide to the different psychoactive substances, looking at the biological and psychological impact of their use. Key issues in the effect drugs have on society are then addressed, before outlining methods of recovery and therapy. Chapters include: • Reflective questions to challenge readers’ assumptions • Case studies to help students understand the impact of substances on individuals • Links to further resources to expand readers’ knowledge It will be valuable reading for those studying on degrees in criminology, health, nursing, social work and counselling.
Chapter 19: The Purposes and Methods of Detoxification from Illicit Drugs
The Purposes and Methods of Detoxification from Illicit Drugs
Detoxification refers to the process by which an individual is withdrawn from the effects of a psychoactive substance. The aim of detoxification clinically is to ensure that the withdrawal process is carried out in a safe and effective manner, such that withdrawal symptoms and any associated harms are minimised (World Health Organization, 2006). The process of detoxification may or may not involve the use of medication (also increasingly known as ‘assisted withdrawal’). Whilst medication is likely to be used in opioid detoxification, the evidence for its use in stimulant detoxification is less convincing. The process of detoxification usually occurs over a few days up to a ...