Drug use is a major challenge for public services, healthcare professionals and policy-makers all over the world. This book offers a complete overview of the issues associated with substance misuse from an interdisciplinary perspective. It begins by providing a reference guide to the different psychoactive substances, looking at the biological and psychological impact of their use. Key issues in the effect drugs have on society are then addressed, before outlining methods of recovery and therapy. Chapters include: • Reflective questions to challenge readers’ assumptions • Case studies to help students understand the impact of substances on individuals • Links to further resources to expand readers’ knowledge It will be valuable reading for those studying on degrees in criminology, health, nursing, social work and counselling.
Part 4: Interventions and Treatment
Interventions and treatment are fraught with ideological disagreement concerning the most appropriate, ethical and effective ways of addressing substance misuse problems. Debates tend to focus on binary conceptions of abstinence versus harm reduction or controlled use; coercion versus voluntarism; generic versus specialist treatment; residential versus community settings and so on.
Many of these debates seem to overlook the key issue of enabling service users to make choices for themselves and to support those choices within a whole systems framework. That system needs to address all of the medical, psychological and social needs of people who may be significantly disadvantaged by their drug use.
Central to this process is the relationship between the service user and the people who are providing support ...