Drug use is a major challenge for public services, healthcare professionals and policy-makers all over the world. This book offers a complete overview of the issues associated with substance misuse from an interdisciplinary perspective. It begins by providing a reference guide to the different psychoactive substances, looking at the biological and psychological impact of their use. Key issues in the effect drugs have on society are then addressed, before outlining methods of recovery and therapy. Chapters include: • Reflective questions to challenge readers’ assumptions • Case studies to help students understand the impact of substances on individuals • Links to further resources to expand readers’ knowledge It will be valuable reading for those studying on degrees in criminology, health, nursing, social work and counselling.

Psychological Perspectives

Psychological Perspectives
Aaron Pycroft

The psychological principles that have been applied to alcohol misuse are reviewed by Heather and Robertson (1981) who point out that a unified theory does not exist in this area and that different psychological principles have been applied to different facets of addiction. They use the examples of classical conditioning theory being applied to explain craving and cognitive approaches for relapse. Whilst some researchers have sought a unified theory (notably Orford’s (2002) excessive appetites model and West’s (2006) PRIME theory), the key principles of learning by an individual interacting with their environment remains, through the processes of classical conditioning, operant conditioning, skilled behaviour, self control and cognitive learning. This conditioning is caused by external environmental cues, the rewards associated with ...

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