Drug use is a major challenge for public services, healthcare professionals and policy-makers all over the world. This book offers a complete overview of the issues associated with substance misuse from an interdisciplinary perspective. It begins by providing a reference guide to the different psychoactive substances, looking at the biological and psychological impact of their use. Key issues in the effect drugs have on society are then addressed, before outlining methods of recovery and therapy. Chapters include: • Reflective questions to challenge readers’ assumptions • Case studies to help students understand the impact of substances on individuals • Links to further resources to expand readers’ knowledge It will be valuable reading for those studying on degrees in criminology, health, nursing, social work and counselling.
Chapter 12: Addiction as a Complex Adaptive System
Addiction as a Complex Adaptive System
Traditionally the scientific basis of biology, psychology, sociology, medicine and social policy has taken what can be described as a reductionist approach to problem solving. This reductionism centres on taking a problem, identifying the component parts that constitute the problem and isolating the key variables that create the problem so that they can be treated and the problem solved. However some problems appear to be intractable, or difficult to treat despite huge investment and with its indisputable biological, psychological and social components addiction is a classic example of what is termed a complex adaptive system (CAS). Increasingly complex systems thinking is being used across different disciplines to understand these problems with an ...