Drug use is a major challenge for public services, healthcare professionals and policy-makers all over the world. This book offers a complete overview of the issues associated with substance misuse from an interdisciplinary perspective. It begins by providing a reference guide to the different psychoactive substances, looking at the biological and psychological impact of their use. Key issues in the effect drugs have on society are then addressed, before outlining methods of recovery and therapy. Chapters include: • Reflective questions to challenge readers’ assumptions • Case studies to help students understand the impact of substances on individuals • Links to further resources to expand readers’ knowledge It will be valuable reading for those studying on degrees in criminology, health, nursing, social work and counselling.
Chapter 8: Hallucinogens
Hallucinogens include mescaline, datura and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). These drugs when snorted, eaten or injected increase behavioural activity, cause changes in mood and perception and cause hallucinations.
The Home Office (Home Office, 2011) estimated that each month 38,000 people in the UK had used hallucinogenic drugs, with about three million having done so at some point in their lives, and Krebs and Johansen (2013) estimated that 30 million Americans have used these drugs during their lifetime. In 1943 when investigating the properties of the Ergot fungus the Swiss chemist Dr Albert Hoffman stumbled upon the discovery of LSD. He seems to have enjoyed his research with trips lasting between two and six hours during which he experienced ‘Alice in Wonderland’ type experiences. ...