Drug use is a major challenge for public services, healthcare professionals and policy-makers all over the world. This book offers a complete overview of the issues associated with substance misuse from an interdisciplinary perspective. It begins by providing a reference guide to the different psychoactive substances, looking at the biological and psychological impact of their use. Key issues in the effect drugs have on society are then addressed, before outlining methods of recovery and therapy. Chapters include: • Reflective questions to challenge readers’ assumptions • Case studies to help students understand the impact of substances on individuals • Links to further resources to expand readers’ knowledge It will be valuable reading for those studying on degrees in criminology, health, nursing, social work and counselling.


Aaron Pycroft

Opiate narcotics are internationally controlled drugs and in the UK are classified as Class A. Opium, heroin and methadone are all derivatives of the opium poppy. When consumed orally or injected there is a brief but intense stimulation of the brain, feelings of euphoria but followed by depression of the central nervous system. Tolerance develops to the desired effects and withdrawal symptoms may include cramps, possible restlessness, sweats and diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting. There is risk of contracting a range of health problems through sharing needles, and despite tolerance developing at higher doses there is a risk of overdose and death.

The EMCDDA (2014) provides evidence that demonstrates that although heroin related deaths are generally falling, those related to synthetic opioids are increasing, ...

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