Drug use is a major challenge for public services, healthcare professionals and policy-makers all over the world. This book offers a complete overview of the issues associated with substance misuse from an interdisciplinary perspective. It begins by providing a reference guide to the different psychoactive substances, looking at the biological and psychological impact of their use. Key issues in the effect drugs have on society are then addressed, before outlining methods of recovery and therapy. Chapters include: • Reflective questions to challenge readers’ assumptions • Case studies to help students understand the impact of substances on individuals • Links to further resources to expand readers’ knowledge It will be valuable reading for those studying on degrees in criminology, health, nursing, social work and counselling.
Chapter 6: Stimulants
Stimulants bring about energy, euphoria and mental alertness. Amphetamines, cocaine and caffeine are included in this group. The EMCDDA (2014) estimates that in the European Union 11.4 million, or 3.4 %, of adults (15–64) used amphetamines in their lifetime, 1.5 million or 0.4 % of adults (15–64) used amphetamines in the last year, 1.2 million, or 0.9 %, of young adults (15–34) used amphetamines in the last year, 0.0 % and 2.5 % – lowest and highest national estimates of last year amphetamines use among young adults.
At higher doses restlessness and irritability are caused, possibly leading to paranoia, psychosis and depression.
Cocaine is a stimulant drug extracted from leaves of the coca bush with the chemical name of the processed drug being cocaine ...