Drug use is a major challenge for public services, healthcare professionals and policy-makers all over the world. This book offers a complete overview of the issues associated with substance misuse from an interdisciplinary perspective. It begins by providing a reference guide to the different psychoactive substances, looking at the biological and psychological impact of their use. Key issues in the effect drugs have on society are then addressed, before outlining methods of recovery and therapy. Chapters include: • Reflective questions to challenge readers’ assumptions • Case studies to help students understand the impact of substances on individuals • Links to further resources to expand readers’ knowledge It will be valuable reading for those studying on degrees in criminology, health, nursing, social work and counselling.

The International and National Legislative Framework

The International and National Legislative Framework
Aaron Pycroft

Through the World Health Organization, the United Nations defines illicit drug use through the use of four levels of analysis (see unodc.org):

  • Any chemical entity or mixture of entities, the administration of which alters the biological function of the living organism;
  • The use to which the substance is put (this excludes legitimate medical use for the alleviation of disease);
  • A restriction to psychoactive drugs that alter mood, cognition and behaviour; and
  • Drugs which are self-administered and impair health or social functioning.

The aim of this definition as enshrined within the conventions is to ensure that psychoactive substances are only cultivated and developed for proper medical and scientific use, and to ensure that they are not diverted into ...

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