• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

‘A refreshingly critical contribution to the major debates in sports studies, this volume will nicely complement the conventional texts. The entries are well structured, introducing and explaining the arguments, and then applying them to current sports policies and controversies. I admire the material and will recommend it to my students’ — Professor Dave Harris, University College Plymouth, Marjon

Written by experienced academics use to teaching the subject, this book will help students and researchers find their way within the diverse field of sport studies. Clear, well researched entries explain the key concepts in the debates surrounding the social significance and social dynamics of sport. Each entry provides:

  • Clear Definitions
  • Relevant Examples
  • Up-to-date Suggestions for Further Reading
  • Informative Cross-Referencing

Valuable in its parts and indispensable as a whole, this book will provide ...

Alienation
Alienation

The word ‘alienation’ has a general usage and it usually refers to a state of detachment – of ‘feeling out of thingsrsquo;. In sociology, and in the history of social thought, it has a more specific meaning. This derives from the work of Karl Marx on life under capitalism and, in particular, from his Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 (Marx, 1959). Marx interprets the term in four related ways and these are set out in the Dictionary of Sociology as follows: (a) workers become estranged from the products of their own labour, which are owned and disposed of by someone else; (b) work itself becomes an alien activity with no intrinsic satisfaction. People work in order to live, rather than to express themselves, ...

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