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Methods are the systematic approaches and techniques employed in compiling a research data set, and how these approaches are operationalised in the field throughout the research process. ‘Methodology’ – effectively the theory of method – is a central subject area within the philosophy of knowledge and it asks critical questions about how social scientists (and scientists in general) collect and interpret evidence to support, or disprove, particular observations or claims. The question of how scientific claims are verified and attain the status of fact has itself become a prominent methodology in its own right, particularly within post-structuralist approaches to social enquiry (see Discourse and Post-Structuralism).

Methodology and Sports Studies

According to Andrews et al. (2005: 1) the evolution of sports studies has comprised an ‘eclectic mix ...

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