‘A refreshingly critical contribution to the major debates in sports studies, this volume will nicely complement the conventional texts. The entries are well structured, introducing and explaining the arguments, and then applying them to current sports policies and controversies. I admire the material and will recommend it to my students’ — Professor Dave Harris, University College Plymouth, Marjon

Written by experienced academics use to teaching the subject, this book will help students and researchers find their way within the diverse field of sport studies. Clear, well researched entries explain the key concepts in the debates surrounding the social significance and social dynamics of sport. Each entry provides:

  • Clear Definitions
  • Relevant Examples
  • Up-to-date Suggestions for Further Reading
  • Informative Cross-Referencing

Valuable in its parts and indispensable as a whole, this book will provide a stimulating, practical guide to the relationship between sport and society.



(see also Capitalism; Hegemony)

Marxist theory understands human societies as being organized into classes which are shaped by divisions and conflicts of interest. These conflicts arise out of the general organisational form (mode) of production in any given historical period. In the capitalist epoch this is reflected in the two major class groups: the working class (proletariat) who are forced to sell their labour in order to survive; and the capitalist class (bourgeoisie) who own the means of production and gain profit through the exploitation of the working class.

Karl Marx, philosopher, political economist and revolutionary, was born in Germany in 1818 and died in exile in England in 1883. He is buried in Highgate Cemetery. Although considered one of the pillars of classical nineteenth-century sociology ...

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