Sharp, clear and relevant this book meets the needs of those studying and researching within the growing discipline of sport management.
The intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a concise overview of the key concepts in the field guiding you through the important debates, sources and research methods in the management and delivery of sport.
The book introduces readers to the concepts at the centre of their studies; it suggests relevant further reading and thoughts for future research and applies academic theory to business and organizational problems in a real-world context.
Written for students, academics and practitioners the entries are designed to meet study needs and include: Clear Definitions; Comprehensive Examples; Practical Applications; Effective Research Methods
The concept of technology can be defined and conceptualized in a variety of ways. However, from an organization theory perspective, we are interested in the effect technology has on an organization's structure and therefore on its management and/or operations. Although many researchers have proposed various definitions of technology, it can be viewed broadly as the techniques used to transform ‘inputs’ (materials, labour, equipment, systems/processes) into ‘outputs’ (product or service) (see for example Perrow, 1967). This should not be confused with the broader process of transforming ‘inputs’ into ‘outputs’, which is known as the operations function of an organization (see Byers, 2004, for a discussion of the operations function in ...