This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.



Impacts are common in the world of sport. Many impacts are desirable because, for instance, of the need to move the human body (e.g. impact between the feet and ground in running), to score points (e.g. impact between the board and the ball in basketball), or just to continue a game by passing the ball (e.g. impact between the foot and the ball in football). The list with examples that demonstrate the critical and essential role of impacts in sports can be extended to include almost every single sport played today. Most sports have been designed and developed by using impacts as the means by which the execution of the sport-specific movements are achieved. In many sports there are different types of impact taking place, ...

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