This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.
Identity poses opportunities and challenges in the varied contexts of studying sport, not least because it is conceptualised and applied in various ways. It is often regarded as preceding sporting and leisure choices and preferences; social psychologists depict identity formations as part and parcel of socialisation practices that inform tendencies towards particular activities. Researchers such as Hendry et al. have suggested that adolescence is a key phase of identity formation with leisure pursuits affording opportunities to explore and express different aspects of the self. Individuals seek affirmation of their identity through social interaction and the pursuit of social and cultural competence and leisure and sport offer key contexts for these expressions. Sport and physical activity practices and engagement suggest that participants and actors are ...