This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.

‘Race’ and Ethnicity

‘Race’ and ethnicity

Because it is common for people to talk about race, it has an everyday quality that makes it significant. In the social sciences ‘race’ often appears like this between inverted commas. Writers do this to demonstrate that they do not accept that in biological terms there is such a thing as race, but they recognise that, because of the way people have thought over the centuries, a concept of race has been socially constructed. These ideas of separate races are derived from nineteenth- century science and live on in contemporary interests in genetics, though the advances in genetics have served to emphasise just how much we all have in common. Ethnicity has been used as a more helpful alternative to ...

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