This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.
Whether we are women or men has a significant impact on our experiences of sport. Sports participation and leadership patterns across the world, for example, show that girls and women are less involved in sport than boys and men at all levels. The concept of gender challenges the myths that these differences result from girls' and women's differing biological make-up. As we will see later, since the 1970s, there has been a sustained interest in exploring gender and its impact in sport, and as a result, a number of different explanations of the concept has emerged. But described simply, gender can be defined as the behaviours, attributes and roles associated with being either a woman or a man. An important distinction is between sex and ...