This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.



Historians such as Tony Mason, Richard Holt and Tony Collins all use class differences to explain the growth and development of modern sport. In their work, England at the end of the nineteenth century was in the midst of industrialisation and urban growth. In the squalor of the cities, working-class men with newly won free time looked to take part in sport and be entertained by others. Modern sports, codified by the upper class, had been adopted by the middle classes – copying their social peers – then the working classes. For historians and sociologists of sport, its transition from a middle-class social activity to a working-class pastime is a significant moment in sport's history. The idea that sport was a diversion to keep ...

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