This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.



Communication is one term that can be used to describe the two-way exchanges between individuals. Broadly, there are three main purposes to all communication – to educate, persuade or entertain. The skilled communicator understands how to communicate to address these respective aims. Therefore, communication is as important to mountaineers on high-altitude peaks as it is for coaches in playing areas, or friends chatting. The centrality of communication to the daily lives of teachers, coaches and lecturers underlines both the importance of communication and the importance of refining its underpinning skills.

In all forms of communication, whether it is based on ‘show’, ‘tell’ or ‘ask’ approaches, there are three main interacting components; the sender (S), the message (M) and the receiver (R). Each of these agents ...

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