This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.

Physical Activity and Mental Health

Physical activity and mental health

Although research into the mental health effects of physical activity now spans four decades, it is within the last 15 years or so that the majority of studies have been conducted and published. Some of the earliest research during the 1970s and 1980s explored the psychological ‘feelgood’ effects of exercise, which regular exercisers often describe, in an effort to document and account for the way in which some people experience improved mood through various forms of physical activity. Since the late 1980s researchers have been exploring the potential of exercise to reduce diagnosed mental health problems.

A clear trend in this research, which continues to the present day, is a focus on the potential of various forms ...

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