This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.



Sticking to healthy behaviours is important. However, establishing regular exercise, regularly warming up before training or completing psychological skills training can be problematic. This ‘problem’, which faces all practitioners in physical activity, sport, health and education, is evident across a behavioural spectrum that begins with establishing interest, moves to creating initial involvement and achieves its optimal outcomes by sustaining long-term engagement. It is important to distinguish adherence from compliance. Compliance, which is more ideological than practical, refers to levels of behaviour when the authority of one person (or profession) is imposed on others. Compliance has a strongly medicalised background. However, where choice is the focus of attention, three further interrelated concepts are important; adherence, relapse and drop-out.

Adherence describes the level of engagement with a ...

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