This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.



The term instruction is most commonly used in the USA. We enlist it here because it is a useful way of including teaching, coaching, and leadership activities in a range of sites in which sport and other physical activities are practised and learned. We suggest that the practices of teaching, coaching and leadership have much in common, with any differences arising through the setting and its particular features. Having made this point, it should be noted that the majority of research on instruction in physical activity settings has been carried out on teaching Physical Education in school.

The earliest forms of instruction in physical education were dominated by a singular approach where pupils closely followed the procedures outlined by their teacher. The shift in philosophy towards ...

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