This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.

Fitness for Sport and Health

Fitness for sport and health

Fitness for Sport

Fitness may be described as the possession of a characteristic or a series of characteristics that allow the performance of a given task. Thus fitness for sport may be seen as being specific in nature. To illustrate the point, one only has to compare the physical make-up of an elite-level basketball player with that of a marathon runner. The former will generally be tall and quite well muscled, particularly in the upper body. They will need to be very fast and agile, with the ability to jump high and to perform repeated bouts of high-intensity work with relatively short periods of recovery. The marathon runner is likely to be relatively slight and very lean. ...

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