This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.

Principles of Training

Principles of training

The aim of training is to maintain or improve performance or health. In terms of exercise physiology, training is about stimulating structural and functional adaptations in the body to be able to perform better in selected tasks within sport or to maintain or improve health status. In order to stimulate the body to produce the required adaptations, a training programme is required that incorporates repeated bouts of planned exercise to stimulate acute responses in the body. If the training programme is appropriately planned and adhered to, it will result in chronic adaptations over time which will result in improved performance, be it in strength, speed, power endurance or other components of fitness, with the combination of adaptations dependent on the ...

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