This book provides students and scholars with a fail-safe guide to the key concepts in the field of Sport & Exercise Science. Intelligently cross-referenced entries provide a sound map of the multi-disciplinary demands of sport related courses including physical and biological sciences, social science and education. The entries use clear definitions, examples, and suggestions for further reading to explore each discipline.
Physiology is concerned with the study of how the body works (physio meaning ‘nature’ and ology meaning ‘the study of’). It is complemented by the study of anatomy which is concerned with the structure of the body. The term complementarity refers to how structure informs function when studying how the body works. Exercise physiology is a subdiscipline of physiology which is the focus of this section of the book, and is concerned with the study of the effects of muscular activity in the form of physical activity exercise or sport on the structure and function of the human body. Exercise physiology is based on the early science of Greece and Asia Minor, with the contributions of the Greek physicians, Herodicus, Hippocrates and ...