This book systematically demonstrates the significance and application of method in plain language.

Written for students, this book contains the core methodological concepts, practices, and debates they need to understand and apply research methods within the field of sport and exercise. It provides a comprehensive panoramic introduction which will reassure and empower its readers.

Written by a leading academic, and drawing on years of teaching experience, it includes carefully cross-referenced entries which critically engage with interdisciplinary themes and data.

Each concept includes:

Clear Definitions; Suggestions for Further Reading; Comprehensive Examples; Practical Applications

Pragmatic, lucid, and concise, the book will provide essential support to students in sport and exercise science, kinesiology, and health.

Populations and Samples

Populations and samples

A series of recent media reports, widely disseminated anecdotes and academic studies have pointed to the growing problem of child trafficking in global football (soccer) cultures. Stories about the illegal transfer of children (aged 8–16) from Africa and South America to Europe for the purposes of ‘talent development’ raise serious questions regarding international youth talent identification and youth academy systems in the sport. Knowing more about the ways in which children become illegally brokered across international boundaries might prove monumental in curbing the exploitation of vulnerable youth within the sport. For example, based on the empirical evidence to date, I find that Kenya, the Ivory Coast and Uruguay are the three main countries of origin of ‘trafficked’ children in European ...

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