This book systematically demonstrates the significance and application of method in plain language.

Written for students, this book contains the core methodological concepts, practices, and debates they need to understand and apply research methods within the field of sport and exercise. It provides a comprehensive panoramic introduction which will reassure and empower its readers.

Written by a leading academic, and drawing on years of teaching experience, it includes carefully cross-referenced entries which critically engage with interdisciplinary themes and data.

Each concept includes:

Clear Definitions; Suggestions for Further Reading; Comprehensive Examples; Practical Applications

Pragmatic, lucid, and concise, the book will provide essential support to students in sport and exercise science, kinesiology, and health.



The processes of creating and testing hypotheses are the backbone of scientific research. Scientific research commences from a deductive standpoint. We have many, many theories about why bodies work they way they do, why our minds function in particular manners, and about the observable patterns in social structures and cultures across the planet.

Whenever we set out in a research process to test a theory, or component of a theory, to see if it actually predicts and explains the world in the way it states, we will need to construct hypotheses. A working understanding of where hypotheses come from and their centrality in science is crucial for connecting the various stages in the scientific process.

What Is This Concept?

I very rarely encourage students to memorise a ...

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