Sociology consists of a myriad of frequently confusing concepts. Key Concepts in Sociology provides a comprehensive, lively and clearly-written guide to the most important concepts in the subject. It includes both what might be regarded as ‘classic’ sociological concepts, such as ‘class’, ‘bureaucracy’ and ‘community’, as well as subjects that have become increasingly prominent in recent times, such as ‘celebrity’, ‘risk’ and ‘the body’.
Each of the thirty-eight substantive entries: Defines the concept; provides a clear and compelling narrative; clarifies the main debates, perspectives and disagreements; gives advice on further reading
Key Concepts in Sociology should be the first choice for sociology students at all levels of learning.
In common usage justice implies impartiality and even-handedness, and in a legal sense it refers to appropriate punishment for law breakers and to the principle of equality before the law. Until the mid-nineteenth century, the concept of justice was generally regarded as a virtue of individuals (for example, an individual's conduct might be described as ‘just’ or ‘unjust’), but not of societies. According to Barry, the modern concept of social justice emerged from the upheaval of industrialisation in Britain and France in the 1840s, which resulted in consideration being given to unequal relations between employers and employees as well as to the distribution of wealth and income arising from the operations of capitalist institutions (2005: 4–5).
[Page 156]The classical founders of sociology paid considerable ...