Key Concepts in Public Health identifies fifty key concepts used across the discipline of public health in order to give the reader a broad perspective of the core topics relevant to training and practice. From epidemiology to health promotion, and ethics to leadership, the book offers an exciting guide to the multiprofessional field. Each entry features a snapshot definition of the concept, a broader discussion addressing the main issues and links to practice, key points relevant to the entry, case studies to illustrate the application to practice, and examples of further reading.

Inequalities in Health

Inequalities in health


Despite improving health across the country over many generations there is still a large variation in health status, life expectancy, mortality and morbidity between different groups of people. Much of this is avoidable and unfair, and should more accurately be described as health inequity: an unjust distribution of health and healthcare. These differences in health outcomes are known as health inequalities.

Why should a boy born in Kensington expect on average to live around eight years longer than one born in Manchester?

The reduction of these unfair inequalities should be the public health practitioner's and commissioner's aim.

Key Points

  • Many health inequalities are avoidable.
  • Inequalities are assessed in a variety of powerful ways, but the mapping used does not show causes or solutions.
  • The gap between ...
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