- Subject index
Key Concepts in Public Health identifies fifty key concepts used across the discipline of public health in order to give the reader a broad perspective of the core topics relevant to training and practice. From epidemiology to health promotion, and ethics to leadership, the book offers an exciting guide to the multiprofessional field. Each entry features a snapshot definition of the concept, a broader discussion addressing the main issues and links to practice, key points relevant to the entry, case studies to illustrate the application to practice, and examples of further reading.
Chapter 32: Emergency and Disaster Planning
Emergency and Disaster Planning
Disaster is a calamitous event of slow or rapid onset that results in large-scale physical destruction of property, social infrastructure and human life. It overwhelms the existing resources and coping mechanisms of individuals, groups, communities and societies. A disaster's impact is determined by the nature of the physical event, loss of life, level of disease and destruction of property. The lack of preparedness and poor infrastructure make an equal contribution to the overall impact of the disaster (Deeny et al., 2007). Quarantelli (1998) outlines the importance of the imbalance in the ‘demand–capability ratio’. This ‘imbalance’ between the ability of the individual, group or community to cope with the event is central to understanding the concept ...