Key Concepts in Planning forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the Human Geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, Key Concepts in Planning provides a cutting edge introduction to the central concepts that define contemporary research in Planning. Involving detailed and expansive discussions, the book includes: An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries with comprehensive explanations, definitions and evolutions of the subject; Extensive pedagogic features that enhance understanding including a glossary, figures, diagrams and further reading

Key Concepts in Planning is an ideal companion text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in Planning and covers the expected staples of the sub-discipline in an accessible style. Written by an internationally recognized set of authors, Key Concepts in Planning is an essential addition to any geography student's library.

Implementation

Implementation

Related terms: policy process; negotiation; goals; resources; power; networks

Introduction

The concept of implementation is linked with considerations of policy-making, given that the process of planning involves the setting of policy objectives. Through the use of other tools, resources and actions, planning structures and processes should be designed or aligned to achieve those objectives. It seems scarcely necessary to emphasise why planners should be concerned with implementation, given that one of the purposes of planning is quite clearly to guide and direct action and to see plans and policies realised.

In their seminal work on implementation, Pressman and Wildavsky (1973) provided an early definition of implementation as ‘a process of interaction between the setting of goals and actions geared to achieving them’ (1973: xiv). This highlights how ...

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