Key Concepts in Planning forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the Human Geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, Key Concepts in Planning provides a cutting edge introduction to the central concepts that define contemporary research in Planning. Involving detailed and expansive discussions, the book includes: An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries with comprehensive explanations, definitions and evolutions of the subject; Extensive pedagogic features that enhance understanding including a glossary, figures, diagrams and further reading

Key Concepts in Planning is an ideal companion text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in Planning and covers the expected staples of the sub-discipline in an accessible style. Written by an internationally recognized set of authors, Key Concepts in Planning is an essential addition to any geography student's library.

Hierarchy

Hierarchy

Related terms: scales; policy cascade, plan hierarchy; decision-making; implementation; control; organisation; subsidiarity; discretion; network

Introduction

Hierarchy is used widely in a range of contexts to express a form of ranking and may imply some organisational command chain used to guide decision-making and implementation. This chapter is concerned with different ideas and examples of hierarchy and the structure and overall constellation of plans and policies, legislation and law that shape ‘planning hierarchies’. The term hierarchy surfaces in numerous ways where policies are disseminated and applied in planning practice, as well as being latent in the way that many organisations and bureaucracies operate. Our main purpose is to demonstrate that hierarchies are found and organised in planning, and influence the way that planning processes, decision-making and implementation take ...

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