Key Concepts in Planning forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the Human Geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, Key Concepts in Planning provides a cutting edge introduction to the central concepts that define contemporary research in Planning. Involving detailed and expansive discussions, the book includes: An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries with comprehensive explanations, definitions and evolutions of the subject; Extensive pedagogic features that enhance understanding including a glossary, figures, diagrams and further reading

Key Concepts in Planning is an ideal companion text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in Planning and covers the expected staples of the sub-discipline in an accessible style. Written by an internationally recognized set of authors, Key Concepts in Planning is an essential addition to any geography student's library.

Systems and Complexity

Systems and complexity

Related ideas: networks; relationships; emergence; learning; adaption; collaboration; co-management; co-production


Jane Jacobs was someone who appreciated the complexity of the city. She viewed large scale settlements as being made up of many micro-level interactions.

Cities happen to be problems in organised complexity … they present situations in which half a dozen or even several dozen quantities are all varying simultaneously and in subtly interconnected ways. (Jacobs, 1961: 433, our emphasis).

Jacobs was influenced by her reading of mathematics and natural sciences debates in the 1960s, which were exploring complexity and increasingly using systemic modes of analysis. This infusion of scientific thought provided a new perspective through which to explore the dynamics of cities. The key word that Jacobs uses to express how the ...

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