Key Concepts in Planning forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the Human Geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, Key Concepts in Planning provides a cutting edge introduction to the central concepts that define contemporary research in Planning. Involving detailed and expansive discussions, the book includes: An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries with comprehensive explanations, definitions and evolutions of the subject; Extensive pedagogic features that enhance understanding including a glossary, figures, diagrams and further reading

Key Concepts in Planning is an ideal companion text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in Planning and covers the expected staples of the sub-discipline in an accessible style. Written by an internationally recognized set of authors, Key Concepts in Planning is an essential addition to any geography student's library.

Competitiveness

Competitiveness

Related terms: capitalist economic development; globalisation/glocalisation; benchmarking; quality of life; investment; attractiveness; capital; innovation; productivity; networks; economic clusters; governance

Introduction

In planning and economic development terminology, the word ‘competitiveness’ is often used as a way of describing rivalry and reflecting the relative performance of firms, cities and regions, as well as driving policy and measurement across a range of social and economic indicators. It is also a term that is widely used but one that is not terribly well understood. It has a particular importance for planning activity, given that the competitiveness of regions has become: ‘an issue not just of academic interest and debate, but also of increasing policy deliberation and action’ (Kitson et al., 2004: 991). Indeed economic competitiveness has become a key concern ...

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