Key Concepts in Planning forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the Human Geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, Key Concepts in Planning provides a cutting edge introduction to the central concepts that define contemporary research in Planning. Involving detailed and expansive discussions, the book includes: An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries with comprehensive explanations, definitions and evolutions of the subject; Extensive pedagogic features that enhance understanding including a glossary, figures, diagrams and further reading

Key Concepts in Planning is an ideal companion text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in Planning and covers the expected staples of the sub-discipline in an accessible style. Written by an internationally recognized set of authors, Key Concepts in Planning is an essential addition to any geography student's library.

Community

Community

Related terms: cohesion; quality of life; participation; identity; sense of place; amenity; networks; capital

Introduction

Community is a well-worn term that has been used and misused in public discourse and broadly across the social and political sciences. In planning terms much of the activity of planners is justified as being in the public interest (see Chapter 9) but more and more the notion of community is attached to a variety of planning processes, policies and actions. This common association of planning activity to and for community as both an end and a stakeholder group justifies an exploration of the term and its relevance for planners and in planning practice here.

Community was seen as a political ideal in the ancient world, where citizens would participate in public ...

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