This text provides informative, short introductions to the core concepts of Operations Management. This text contains more than 50 concept entries and is fully cross-referenced.An outstanding reference for Operations Management students at all levels. 



Production is agile if it efficiently changes operating states in response to the uncertain and changing demands placed upon it (Narasimhan et al., 2006).

Historical Origins and Definition

Agility, like other integrated management frameworks, is a system of practices surrounded by a specific cultural or philosophical orientation. Historically, the origin of agile manufacturing is a reaction to the intensification of mass production. In job or batch production systems, resources are naturally very adaptable as all orders have a degree of uniqueness to them. In order to succeed in large-scale production, the strategy has always been to seek economies of scale effects by using dedicated equipment.

The downside of dedicated equipment is that it becomes obsolete and useless as soon as the demand changes. Whereas lean manufacturing focuses ...

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