This text provides informative, short introductions to the core concepts of Operations Management. This text contains more than 50 concept entries and is fully cross-referenced.An outstanding reference for Operations Management students at all levels. 



Layout decisions deal with the spatial arrangement of rooms, displays, machines and workers.

Decision Structure and Contexts

Layout decisions are the direct implementation of the process strategy adopted by a firm (see Process). Each type of generic process strategy in the product-process matrix or the service-process matrix is associated with a generic layout.

In the case of manufacturing firms:

  • Projects rely on project layouts, i.e. the workers go to the site of construction or assembly.
  • Job shops and batch production systems use process layouts, i.e. layouts where machines and processes are grouped by family (for example, all the drilling machines are clustered together).
  • Mass production systems and continuous systems use flowline types of layout, e.g. assembly lines, where machines and processes are grouped according the sequence of operations required to ...
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