Studies is an important, interdisciplinary thread which runs through contemporary debates on globalization, citizenship, community studies, political geography and identity. It has always represented a significant component of ethnic, multicultural and racial studies but the last few years have seen a steady increase in separate / autonomous courses and modules as students, lecturers and researchers engage with the field. This proposal looks to pull together the central themes of the field; its approach is logical and the three main themes the authors identify are a useful hook upon which to hang the text. International relevance and marketability is obviously important; the inclusion of a US and a UK author with such sympathetic expertise will help to maximise the appeal of the project. The authors are aware of the need to balance the needs of different markets and their willingness to develop the proposal in response to the reviewers' comments is encouraging.

Human Trafficking and Smuggling

Human trafficking and smuggling

Definition: Human trafficking and smuggling denote illicit (and usually profitable) activities that facilitate migration. The actions of traffickers typically include coercion and/or deception of migrants, while smugglers help undocumented (or ‘illegal’) migrants cross borders.

The concepts of human trafficking and human smuggling cover the activities of people and organizations who profit from assisting or coercing others in migration. Though closely related, there are important differences between the two concepts, and the point of treating them together in this chapter is to analyse those differences and thus to overcome some of the confusion apparent in the existing research.

‘Human trafficking’ conveys the sense that migrants are treated as objects by the traffickers for their own gain. In conventional terms trafficking ...

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