How do we understand health in relation to society? What role does culture play in shaping our experiences of, and orientation to, health and illness? How do we understand medicine and medical treatment within a sociological framework?
Chapter : Social Class
Nursing and Midwifery as Occupations
[Page 161]Sociological interest in nursing and midwifery as occupations has centred on issues of gender and professional power, and, in particular, on the complex historical relationship each occupation has with biomedicine which affects its relative autonomy and authority in clinical settings. Let us first consider nursing in this regard before turning to midwifery.
The origins of the nursing system we see today in developed countries date from the mid-1800s, when several societal changes prompted ...